A Note on the Data

Unless otherwise noted, all data findings are based on The Education Trust–New York’s analysis of unpublished 2018-19 course enrollment data provided by the New York State Education Department.

The middle school data analysis on racial/ethnic disparities includes 1,290 of 1,395 (92 percent) of district-run schools with grade 7 and/or 8 enrollment, representing more than 99 percent of all students enrolled in grades 7 and 8 in 2018-19. The following schools were excluded from the analysis:

  • 15 District 75 schools in New York City;
  • 1 Special Act school; and
  • 89 schools where grades 7-8 enrollment was less than 25 students.

The middle school data analysis on disparities for students who are low-income includes 1,212 of 1,395 (87 percent) of district-run schools with grade 7 and/or 8 enrollment, representing 92 percent of all students enrolled in grades 7 and 8 in 2018-19. The following schools were excluded from the analysis:

  • 15 District 75 schools in New York City;
  • 1 Special Act school;
  • 89 schools where grades 7-8 enrollment was less than 25 students; and
  • 78 schools whose data on students who are low-income was suppressed.

The high school data analysis on racial/ethnic disparities includes 1,181 of 1,281 schools (92 percent) with grade 9, 10, 11, and/or 12 enrollment, representing more than 99 percent of all students enrolled in grades 9-12 in 2018-19. The following schools were excluded from the analysis:

  • 10 District 75 schools in New York City;
  • 8 Special Act schools; and
  • 75 schools where 9-12 grade enrollment was less than 50 students.

The high school data analysis on disparities for students who are low-income includes 1,077 of 1,281 schools (84 percent) with grade 9, 10, 11, and/or 12 enrollment, representing 91 percent of all students enrolled in grades 9-12 in 2018-19. The following schools were excluded from the analysis:

  • 10 District 75 schools in New York City;
  • 8 Special Act schools;
  • 75 schools where 9-12 grade enrollment was less than 50 students; and
  • 111 schools whose data on students who are low-income was suppressed.

Charter schools are excluded from all analyses due to missing course enrollment data.

Who gets to enroll in AP/IB courses?

At the middle school level, enrollment rates are the sum of grade 7-8 enrollments in a specific course divided by all students enrolled in grades 7-8. At the high school level, enrollment rates are the sum of grade 9-12 enrollments in a specific course divided by all students enrolled in grades 9-12. Note: because students can concurrently enroll in more than one AP/IB course (e.g., AP Statistics and AP Biology), enrollment rates for AP/IB courses may exceed 100%.

What does fair representation in courses look like?

For the purpose of this analysis for high schools, we identify the top 25 percent of high schools with the highest ratio of course enrollment to total grade 9-12 enrollment. We then calculate the unweighted average ratio of course enrollment to high school enrollment for these schools. We then multiply statewide/regional Latino grade 9-12 student enrollment by the unweighted average ratio and subtract existing Latino student course enrollment. This process is repeated for Black students and the analysis is the same for middle school courses, except grade 9-12 student enrollment is replaced by grade 7-8 student enrollment.

Data on student enrollment by race/ethnicity and for students who are low-income are from the New York State Education Department 2018-19 FINAL school level data by grade, available at: http://www.p12.nysed.gov/irs/statistics/enroll-n-staff/home.html.

Course and student enrollment data was not provided at the statewide or need/resource capacity level. The data analysis at these levels is derived from the sum of school level data.

Proficient & Passed Over

Analysis conducted by The Education Trust–New York based on unpublished course enrollment data provided by the New York State Education Department. The data indicated the 2016-17 grade 7 state math assessment proficiency level (1-4) or not tested by course for 2017-18 grade 8 math course enrollment and 2018-19 grade 9 math course enrollment for each student group. The analysis defines advanced math classes as follows:

  • In grade 8: Algebra I (Common Core); Geometry (Common Core); and Algebra II (Common Core).
  • In grade 9: Geometry (Common Core); Algebra II (Common Core); Trigonometry; Trigonometry/Math Analysis; Trigonometry/Algebra; Trigonometry/Analytic Geometry; Pre-Calculus; Calculus; AP Calculus AB; AP Calculus BC; and AP Statistics.

Data was provided only at the statewide and need/resource capacity levels. Data is suppressed if the number of students that are proficient (levels 3 and 4) is less than 20.